Human life without transportation is inconceivable. Like communication, transportation is a crucial, inseparable feature of our lives. Every day, billions of people around the world hop on underground trains, air planes and automobiles to commute to their offices, travel to tourist resorts, or take their children to school.
Yet, this increasing mobility has its own demerits. Figures show that the transportation sector worldwide accounts for nearly 20 percent of global energy consumption and 30 percent of CO2
emissions. As the battle against environmental degradation and global warming becomes more serious, the transportation industry should also switch towards Earth-friendlier modes.
Electric vehicles have been an increasingly attractive solution to address these concerns. Since the early 21st
century, the EV market has gained momentum, witnessing the advent of innovative technologies, diversification of products, enhanced power and efficiency, and engagement of major players in the automotive industry. Electric vehicles in their diverse forms (xEV) are one of the leading solutions to transportation restructuring plans.